If the origin of the names of the fruits is curious, in the case of the peach it is really surprising. It is known to be native to China, where it has been cultivated for thousands of years. On the silk road he passed to Persia, where he was met by the Greeks and Romans. The latter generalized its cultivation in the Mediterranean area and called it, at first, Persicum malum (Persian apple), a name that was simplified, becoming pessica, (persikon, in ancient Greek) from which their current names derive: piersika ( Russian), Fishing (Italian),
préssec (Catalan), péche (French), peach (English), Pfirsich (German).
The Castilian name peach comes from the conjunction of malum (apple) and cotonium (quince), in memory of some grafts made in Roman Hispania.
Peaches is the name by which peaches are known in South America. Nectarines, despite their appearance, are not the result of a cross between a peach tree and a plum tree, but are a variety of peaches with a finer skin and a slightly bittersweet flavor, such as Paraguayans, which have a grayish green color. hairy skin, less sweet taste and are somewhat flattened.
Despite their name, they are native to Central Asia, although they are also cultivated in the Mediterranean area.
Varieties, all of them, that have dietary properties similar to those of the peach. A particularly delicious variety is the vine peach with orange flesh and well attached to the central pit. Name that
reminds the peach tree that, formerly, peasants used to plant, starting from a simple pit (seed),
next to the well of their orchards or vineyards and that, if they are not pruned often, produce small peaches, with blotchy skin.
gives, but very tasty. Tip: the best peaches grow closer to where the branches end.
Peaches are an ideal fruit for the heart and blood circulatory system, thanks to the fact that they provide a well-proportioned combination of antioxidant vitamins: Beta-carotenes (provitamin A), C and E, which fight the development of arteriosclerosis processes.
They also provide vitamins of group B (B1, B2, B3 (niacin), B5) that intervene
in the metabolic processes of cardiac muscle fibers, as well as potassium magnesium, which also supplies us with
nistra this fruit. As with most fruits: they quickly produce a feeling of satiety, with hardly any calories, while their richness in potassium and water, and poor in fat and sodium, exert a beneficial complementary diuretic effect (anti-hypertensive action) .
Good peaches have to be picked ripe (they don't ripen well off the tree) and being a fairly delicate fruit, they should be eaten early. This is perhaps its main drawback.
Extracted: FRUITS FOR HEALTH, FREDERIC VINYES, LOTUS FLOWER